The European GNSS Agency (GSA) H2020 Projects:
The GSA’s mission is to support European Union objectives and achieve the highest return on European GNSS investment, in terms of benefits to users and economic growth and competitiveness, by:
- Designing and enabling services that fully respond to user needs, while continuously improving the European GNSS services and Infrastructure;
- Managing the provision of quality services that ensure user satisfaction in the most cost-efficient manner;
- Engaging market stakeholders to develop innovative and effective applications, value-added services and user technology that promote the achievement of full European GNSS adoption;
- Ensuring that European GNSS services and operations are thoroughly secure, safe and accessible.
The steadily increasing road traffic density in Europe is causing considerable negative effects such as traffic congestion, accidents and increasing CO2 emissions. Mobility accounts for a large share of resource consumption, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. In particular, road transport is responsible for more than 70% of all transport related CO2 emissions, which increased by 30% since 1990. This trend is expected to continue in the following years.
Today, many efforts are made to reduce energy consumption of vehicles. Research of Daimler has demonstrated that fuel consumption could potentially be reduced up to 30% by driving a vehicle in an economical way. Anticipation of the road ahead allows a smooth driving style resulting in a decreased consumption. Information about the road layout ahead is obtained from advanced digital map data that contain curvature and slope information. For instance, the study shows a consumption decrease from 13.1l/100km to 9.8l/100km at 60km/h by selection of the correct gear ratio. Thus, systems which actively intervene into the driving process in order to achieve decreased fuel consumption—so called Active Green Driving (AGD) systems—yield an enormous potential for significantly improving traffic efficiency.
From a public perspective, there is a strong need for the deployment of such systems. In addition, an improvement of traffic efficiency is also strongly required from the user’s perspective. As mobility is a common requirement for present day professional activities, many people have to rely on efficient and economic transportation in their daily lives. Taking this into account, there is a significant demand (and consequently also a market) for AGD products which decrease fuel consumption and maintenance. This is particularly true for the professional market where fuel consumption is one of the most important expense factors.
The overall aim of the CoVeL project is to significantly improve traffic efficiency in urban areas by providing satellite-based traffic management on lane level. The project includes solutions for a reliable lane-level vehicle positioning and map matching, high-resolution floating car data, and lane level real-time traffic information.